Teoria râsului

Teoria r sului Traducere de Silviu Lupa cuAparuta in cartea are in centrul ei o definitie celebra adesea invocata a comicului acesta ar fi du mecanique plaque sur du vivant O teza caracteristic bergsoniana

  • Title: Teoria râsului
  • Author: Henri Bergson
  • ISBN: 9789734640942
  • Page: 186
  • Format: Paperback
  • Traducere de Silviu Lupa cuAparuta in 1900, cartea are in centrul ei o definitie celebra, adesea invocata, a comicului acesta ar fi du mecanique plaque sur du vivant O teza caracteristic bergsoniana, inspirata de deosebirea pe care filosoful o face intre natura mecanica a materiei si spatiului si natura spirituala a timpului autentic cel trait, si nu cel spatializat, mTraducere de Silviu Lupa cuAparuta in 1900, cartea are in centrul ei o definitie celebra, adesea invocata, a comicului acesta ar fi du mecanique plaque sur du vivant O teza caracteristic bergsoniana, inspirata de deosebirea pe care filosoful o face intre natura mecanica a materiei si spatiului si natura spirituala a timpului autentic cel trait, si nu cel spatializat, masurabil al fizicii Interesanta insa in acest eseu accesibil tuturor categoriilor de cititori e aplicarea tezei la intreaga tipologie si la diferitele surse ale comicului Explicatia nenumaratelor situatii comice trecute in revista se dovedeste astfel pe cit de originala, pe atit de credibila si de coerenta Ce inseamna risul Ce se afla in strafundul rizibilului Ce element comun am putea gasi intre strimbatura unui mascarici, un joc de cuvinte, quiproquo ul unui vodevil, o scena de comedie fina Noi vedem in comic, inainte de toate, un lucru viu De aceea vom trata subiectul, oricit de facil ar parea, cu respectul pe care il datoram vietii Henri Bergson

    229 Comment

    • Trevor says:

      This is a really interesting read. I was expecting this to say something like, “Comedy is due to the unexpected – something we don’t expect happens and so we laugh”. That is, I was expecting to be bored out of my mind. Then a lot of his examples were from plays I’ve never read – so it would be like someone talking about comedy with sole reference to Friends or Seinfeld – two shows I’ve never seen an entire episode of – this made following some of his points much harder than it [...]

    • Greg Brozeit says:

      One of the main reasons I’m glad I speak German is that I can understand Gerhard Polt. His humor does not translate well in other languages; his observations on German conservatism can be misinterpreted. Even his Bavarian dialect doesn’t connect in some parts of the German-speaking world. One my greatest regrets is that I don’t speak any other languages because I know I’m missing so many great laughs. I remember a few years back when my favorite television comedy, Fawlty Towers, was goin [...]

    • Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly says:

      Philosophers are people who pick the obvious and easy, discuss them, and end up making them difficult and incomprehensible. We all know, for instance, what "time" (7:30 am) and "space" (I found a parking space for my car!) are. But here comes the philosopher who'll say that since time isn't eternity, then there was a time when there was no time, in a place before there were places and spaces, and then somehow at the instant between nothingness and somethingness there was a pure energy as big as [...]

    • Emma Sea says:

      There seems to be such a cultural gap between Bergson and me that this book is inherently difficult to relate to. Some of this gap is in the passing of a hundred and thirteen years. But some might also be in nationality: there's an interesting 2006 article on cross-cultural humour by Stewart Lee here.At the core I just don't find funny the things that Bergson is talking about as being comic. If I disagree on the prompt for laughter it makes it very diffcult to consider the truth in what he descr [...]

    • أسيل says:

      ثمة ضحك يحيرك ويأخذك للبحث بمساره ومصدر ينبوعهولكنك كلما اقتربت من نهاية المسار واوشكت على معرفتهضللت بمسارك اذ ما اعمق النفس الضحك الذي يثيره الهزل ـــــــــــــــــــــيبحث الكاتب عن هدف المجتمع من الضحك والسبب الذي يحدث اللانسجام والتمدد الذي يولدبدوره الاثر الهزلي و [...]

    • Cosmin-Teodor says:

      Printre rândurile prezentei lucrări se află perspective cu totul străine cunoaşterii mele de până acum, asupra noțiunilor de artă, natură, rigiditate, repetiție, calități, defecte, vanitate, sentiment şi emoție, toate fiind privite ca izvoare ale comicului.Tragedia se naşte din tainele sufletului, personajele angajate în acțiune fiind prelungiri ale autorului lor sau ceea ce autorul ar fi putut fi dacă drumul său sentimental ar fi luat o altă formă în viață. Nu aşa stau [...]

    • Moneim says:

      رحلة فلسفية رشيقة :))

    • Ralowe Ampu says:

      the real regulatory enforcement apparatus, or laughter, is this edition's cover. it made me not want to be seen outside with it. clip-art mime. bad. this edition's translation is brutal also. but i feel like i only get these budget translations, i remember reading *matter and memory* and feeling like i was in hell. henri bergson is constantly saying that he doesn't have time to elaborate certain concepts throughout these scant pages. considering the aforementioned factors i was much relieved. bu [...]

    • Argos says:

      Aradığımı bulamadığım bir kitap. Gülme eylemi ve insanlar neden gülüyor sorusu üzerine bir çok şey söylüyor yazar ama söylemedikleri, cevabını veremediği sorular söylediklerinden daha fazla. Sonuçta gülmenin materyalist yanının olmadığı metafizik açıklamayla yorumlanabileceği kanaatine varmış Bergson. Aslında çoğu felsefecinin yaptığı gibi bol soru az cevap durumu bu kitapta da var. Kitabı okuyunca mizah kavramının bu kitapta kapsam harici tutulduğunu hi [...]

    • Hillary says:

      I don't have this exact edition. I just read the version on Project Gutenberg, which was even cheaper than the Dover copy. It's way fun stuff, especially for philosophy--well-written, smart, thoughtful without being pompous. His examples are a bit outdated and Frenchified, but then, it was written a long time ago, in France. His connections to William James make sense, as he writes in a similar style that's oddly expansive at the same time that's it's brief and light. Especially interesting if y [...]

    • Τζαζίλας Μπάμπης says:

      Μια πολύτιμη πραγματεία του Γάλλου φιλοσόφου και νομπελίστα Μπεργκσόν για το πώς προκύπτει το στοιχείο της κωμικότητας στη ζωή και ειδικότερα στην τέχνη. Βαθιά ανάλυση με πλήθος παραδειγμάτων, μαζί με κάποιες στοχαστικές προεκτάσεις για τους μηχανισμούς του κωμικού στην [...]

    • نرمين الشامي says:

      من اسوأ ماقرأت كترجمة وكأسلوب كتاب قمه فى الملل والتطويلوكل هذا وعنوان الكتاب هو الضحك ! فما ادراك لو عنوانه الهم او الغم او النكد لكان انتحر القراء من بعده :Dوالكارثه انه باع 23 طبعة !! يالا الصاعقةأشكر الله على انتهاء هذه التجربة العصيبة أما الكتاب فسألقيه من النافذة بكل سرور. [...]

    • محمد عبادة says:

      Read an Arabic translation of it by the Syrian great translator Sami El-Dorooby. A great piece of intellectual exploration.

    • حسنعدس says:

      عن الضحك بشكل علمي ممل

    • Francisco Paniagua says:

      ¿Qué significa la risa y cuál es el fundamento de lo risible? Con un estilo insuperable, el filósofo francés Henri Bergson trató de responder en esta, una de sus obras más célebres, a tales preguntas. Para lo anterior dividió en tres el fenómeno de la comicidad —dichas partes forman la estructura del libro—: 1. De la comicidad en general/La comicidad de las formas y la comicidad de los movimientos/Fuerza de expansión de la comicidad. 2. La comicidad de situación y la comicidad ve [...]

    • Mavromou says:

      Para la valoración de este libro, me pasó algo parecido con «Blink», después de leer «Pensar rápido, pensar despacio» de Kahneman, fue difícil calificarlo con cuatro estrellas. Al igual después de leer (o en realidad leyendo a la mitad casi) «The act of creation», es difícil calificar a «La risa» con cuatro estrellas.Ademas el libro de Koestler fue posterior a este con lo cual, de alguna manera lo abarca, porque es mucho mas profundo su estudio, incluso Koestler cita en un par de [...]

    • Ross McLean says:

      Henri Bergson makes some interesting observations. He thinks that the comic functions as a social corrective for maladaptive behavior, and that the comic stems from the contrast between the unbounded soul and man's mechanical inflexibility. It's an intriguing idea, but his arguments are unconvincing.Bergson's examples of humour are remarkably unfunny. His insistence upon inherent hilarity of "hunchbacks" and "negros" draw our attention to the subjectivity of humour. Individual perspective plays [...]

    • Emily says:

      Interesting even if I haven't understood everything and do not share all of his opinions. Laughing is in fact an uncounscious mecanism and automatism, but I do not agree that our spirit just focus on the body of a thing during laughing.

    • Marwa Haggag says:

      كتاب لا بأس به، ثقيل نوعًا ما، به كَم جيد من المعلومات لمن يهتمون بفن الكاريكاتير والمسرح والكوميديا عامةً، ولمن يرغبون في معرفة لماذا يضحك الناس.

    • Diether says:

      Bewijst eigenlijk vooral opnieuw dat Fransen gewoon niet zo'n sterk gevoel voor humor hebben.

    • Aya Osama says:

      الترجمة غير منصفه و ده ميمنعش إنه جميل

    • Pîrvan (Jenaru) Dana says:

      lapunkt/2015/02/02/rasuMulți gânditori au considerat că la capătul drumului străbătut de râs se găsește doar vidul, nimicul. Pentru Bergson însă, comicul și râsul ca manifestare a sa fac diferența între viul omenesc și simpla mecanicitate care se strecoară în viață. Vorbim deseori cu admirație despre cărți și oameni cu „spirit”, având de fapt în minte acele cuvinte care provoacă cel puțin zâmbetul, dacă nu râsul, căci „surprind” simțul comun prin felul î [...]

    • Pierre E. Loignon says:

      Tout le monde aime rire! Chacun l’admettra, y compris le philosophe Bergson qui, toutefois, ira ensuite se demander pourquoi.Et moi, lecteur de philosophe, je me suis demandé pourquoi Bergson s’est ainsi interrogé à propos du rire. Alors, dans un premier temps, voyons comment s’articule la réflexion de Bergson.Il remarque, pour amorcer sa réflexion, que seul l’homme rit. De plus, selon lui, le rire implique une certaine « insensibilité » envers son objet puisque l’on n’ose pa [...]

    • Jonathon Jones says:

      This is the sort of book which presents a theory which cannot possibly accomplish its purpose, but nonetheless provides an interesting way of looking at things. In this case there are two main theories he gives us about laughter. First, its purpose, which is that laughter is always laughing at someone in order to act as a corrective, to promote conformance with society. (When we laugh at non-people it is by analogy with people; as if it were a person.) The second is a theory of what is laughable [...]

    • Mia says:

      Bergson 19s Theory of laughter surprised me in a way I wasn 19t expecting. What I mean is that it was not his theory of laughter that caught me off guard, but rather his understanding of life and art. To him, art is made for the individual, and here is the difference: the comic is, he says, always general. It 19s supposed to correct what is anti-social, not necessary immoral, and that is why it stands between art and life, being a little bit of both. Bergson discusses what causes the comic: to h [...]

    • Jaka says:

      Comedy is a way of criticism. Laughter is supposed to indicate a sort of revolution, action, opinion, energy, activity - but aren't we, nowadays, laughing for all the wrong reasons? How to reinvigorate constructive laughter, "erotic" laughter, rebellious laughter? In the modern sterility, in which even the absence of touch and anything that might be too visibly raw and physical indicates Sartre's idea that we're all individually separate, lost, closed within a box, that ideas and energies don't [...]

    • Azzam To'meh says:

      This is definitley an important book to read in order to understand the philosophical construction of the comic in our daily life. Two very important distinctions are made within the books; one is between the effect of intelligence and emotions on jokes, wherein Bergson identifies emotion as the antithesis of the joke, whereas intelligence is almost the sole constructor of it. Hence, the more intelligent one is, the more he would enjoy a good joke (and perhaps this could explain the huge feud be [...]

    • İlşad Özkan says:

      İŞ BANKASI YAYINLARI EDİSYONU İÇİN:Henri Bergson'un "Gülme"sini büyük bir keyifle okudum. Sezgici bir filozof olduğundan metinleri oldukça yoğun fakat daima anlaşılır. Bu sebeplerden insanı düşünmeye fazlaca iten bir yazar, ideal bir yazın sanatçısı o. Eserde gülme eylemini masaya yatıran düşünür, bu olguyu oldukça detaycı bir ciddiyetle ele alıp onu mümkün noktalarında anlaşılır formüllere sokuyor. Açıkçası, kitabın sonuna kadar "saçma-gülünç" ara [...]

    • Phillip says:

      This is one of those books where I disagree with the argument being made, but I don't have a sound counter-argument. Bergson's basic point is that comedy comes from the reduction of life into the mechanical--people become absentminded puppets or mechanically wooden, situations are as repetitive and regimented as clockwork, and characters are types (like the cogs in a comic machine). I think Bergson probably had an early 20th century modernist fascination with machinery and progress, which colors [...]

    • Vincent says:

      Voilà un petit ouvrage absolument brillant, merveilleusement bien écrit par l'un des très grands auteur français. Le rire est quelque chose de simple à priori mais trop souvent pris par le petit bout de la lorgnette. En quelques pages, Bergson réussit à isoler les origines du rire, sa mécanique interne grâce à une qualité d'analyse stupéfiante. Le raisonnement est implacable (un modèle pour les dissertations), intelligemment illustré par les auteurs classiques (Molière en particul [...]

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